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Ribbed Brim Hat Pattern October 16, 2010

 

Ribbed Brim Hat Pattern

By Nicole Nance

*Updated with clearer decrease instructions (I hope) and pictures!*

Hats are quick, easy knits – so much faster than scarves, and not much more difficult.  Soon you’ll be churning out hats for all your loved ones.  This basic pattern utilizes essential components of knitting – cast on, knit, and purl.

Materials:

Yarn: Any yarn, will work, but smoothish yarn is best i.e. not boucle or eyelash, etc.  This is where a swatch will be important.

Needles: Two sets of circular needles in an appropriate size for your yarn, or one circular needle and one set of double pointed needles of the same size.

Notions: Tapestry needle, measuring tape

Gauge: To determine how many stitches to cast on for your hat knit a gauge swatch in the stitch you’re using for the project, in this case you’re using two stitches – a K2, P2 ribbing and stockinette.  Knit your gauge swatch in stockinette because it is the dominant stitch.  If you’re knitting your swatch flat, instead of in the round, ribbing is done differently.  For more info visit https://kniftybits.wordpress.com/translating-circular-to-flat-knitting/

Cast on 20 stitches for your swatch and work until it measures 4” long.  Bind off your swatch.  Lay the piece flat and measure how wide it is in the middle.  Next measure your recipients head.

So, let’s say your swatch measures 4” wide; you figure out your gauge as follows: Divide the number of stitches cast on by the number of inches wide to determine the number of stitches per inch.   20 sts / 4” = 5 stitches per inch. Now, your head measures 21” around, so how many stitches do you need for a 21” hat?  21” x 5 stitches per inch = 105 stitches.  Since you need multiples of 4 stitches for your ribbing pattern you know you need to cast on 104 stitches to knit your 21” circumference hat.

Pattern:

  1. Loosely cast on the number stitches indicated by your gauge swatch, divisible by four.
  2. *K2, P2 for 2” (longer if you want to fold up your brim)
  3. Now switch to stockinette (by knitting every stitch) and knit even until hat measures 7” from cast on edge (or folded edge, if you made a folded brim).  Note: This size works for most adults, but a good rule of thumb, provided by Stephanie Pearl-McPhee, is to place the recipients hand on the hat, when the piece is the same 

    My hat had 98 sts. K5, K2tog = 7 for a total of 14 decreases

     

    length as the distance from the base of the palm to the tip of the longest finger it is time to start decreasing.

  4. To decrease,  divide your number of stitches by a number between 5-10 that divides into your total evenly.  So, using our previous number 104 / 8 = 13.  So, you can now decrease one of two ways.  If you want more decreases, such as on the hat pictured, then you’ll use the number you divided by as how often you decrease.  So you would knit 6 sts and then knit 2 sts together, this totals 8 (6+2=8).  Repeat to the end of the round and by the end of this round you’ve decreased 13 stitches (and have 13 decrease points).  Conversely, if you want to have a slower decrease then use the other number that resulted from your division, in this case 13.  So, you’d knit 11 stitches, then knit 2 together 11+2=13 and by the end of the round you’ve decreased 8 stitches (and have 8 decrease points).  If you opt for the slower decrease, you might want to start decreasing before the hat actually measures the same as the recipients hand, as it will take longer to use up all your stitches.  Whichever number you chose the next round is knit even – no decreases.  So it would work as follows
  • For your 8 stitch decrease                                     For your 13 stitch decrease
  • Knit 6, K2Tog                                                                       Knit 11, K2Tog
  • Knit                                                                                         Knit
  • Knit 5, K2Tog                                                                       Knit 10, K2Tog
  • Knit                                                                                         Knit
  • Knit 4, K2Tog                                                                       Knit9, K2Tog
  • Knit                                                                                         Knit
  • Knit 3, K2Tog                                                                       Knit 8, K2Tog
  • You see how the number of stitches between your decreases continues to decrease?  You continue in this fashion until you have few enough stitches to cut the yarn and thread it through the stitches.   Note: Switch to a second circular needle or DPNs when sts are too few to work with one needle.  For a video on small diameter circular knitting working with DPNs or two circulars, visit www.knittinghelp.com.  To finish weave in all ends.

Abbreviations:

R – Row, K – Knit, P – Purl, k2tog – knit two together, mm – millimeter, sts – stitches, ” – inches, DPN – double pointed needle

Copyright 2010, Nicole Nance, All Rights Reserved

 

Translating Circular to Flat Knitting October 12, 2010

Knitting experts tell us knitting a flat gauge swatch (i.e. working back and forth) for a piece you plan to work in the round gives you an inaccurate gauge count.  Why?  Because if you knit every stitch circularly you produce stockinette stitch without the tedious process of purling and since most knitters purl at a different tension than they knit this skews your gauge.  However, most of us aren’t going to knit a gauge swatch circularly, because it’s just too much work.  And generally, you’ll be ok.  But, how do you translate a stitch from circular to flat knitting for your gauge swatch?

Here are several common stitches translated for a flat knitted gauge swatch.

Stockinette Stitch

Circular: Each round: Knit each stitch.

Flat instructions for your gauge swatch: Row 1: Knit      Row 2: Purl     Repeat these two rows until your gauge swatch measures 4″.

Knit Two, Purl Two Ribbing

Circular: Cast on stitches in multiples of four. Each round: K2, P2

Flat instructions for your gauge swatch: Cast on stitches in multiples of four.   Row 1: K2, P2      Row 2: P2, K2     Repeat these two rows until your gauge swatch measures 4″.

Garter Stitch

Circular: Rnd1: Knit        Rnd2: Purl        (Keep in mind, when knitting Garter Stitch in the round there will be a jog in the pattern where one round ends and the next begins.)

Flat instructions for your gauge swatch: Each Row: Knit     Repeat until your gauge swatch measures 4″.

Seed Stitch

Circular: Cast on an ODD number of stitches.  Each round: K1, P1

Flat instructions for your gauge swatch: Cast on an EVEN number of stitches.  Row 1: K1, P1      Row 2: P1, K1     Repeat these two rows until your gauge swatch measures 4″.

Basically, when knitting circularly you are ALWAYS working with the right/front side of the knitting facing you unlike flat knitting where, for example, with stockinette stitch your knit rows are the right/front side of the work and your purl rows is the wrong/reverse side of the fabric.

These are the same guidelines you would use if you wanted to translate a pattern written for circular knitting to flat knitting, though that’s just craziness! 😉

I hope this helps!  If you have any questions email me or drop me a comment!

Abbreviations: K – Knit, P – Purl, mm – millimeter, sts – stitches, ” – inches

 

Juggling Knitting Classes October 7, 2010

Filed under: Knitting Life — kniftybits @ 11:00
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Yesterday I was so sick I didn’t even knit.  (Now, that’s sick!)  Unfortunately, it was also the day to teach my Beginners Knitting Class. And I had maximum enrolment.  😦

After crawling down the stairs, dragging my garbage can with me, I called the Shop – they weren’t open yet!  So, I did what any sensible sick knitter would do, I called my husband.  Lying on the floor, with my class enrolment sheet next to me, the very act of talking made me feel like retching.  I gave him the names and phone numbers and asked him to call.

“Do you want to reschedule?” He asked.

“uhhaaaooouuuhhh” I moaned in response, realizing my schedule book was upstairs.  I glared at the stairs.  My nemesis.  Oh for telekinetic powers….or memory enough to recall next weeks schedule.

I heaved myself up the stairs and collapsed in front of my bedside table fumbling for the black book that holds my short term memory: a terrible thing for something so small to have so much power.

I looked at next Wednesday, Beginners Circular Knitting.  But no one had signed up last time I checked, I hazily thought.

*******

I feel much better today.  Time to call the Shop.

Back in August I rescheduled my Sock Knitting class to October, hoping for more than one student.  Alas, no more students, but I feel bad about rescheduling again.  I emailed my one student on Monday.  Checking her response, in between gasps and moans last night, I discover she’s in the states for a funeral.  So, I offered to reschedule the class to begin next week.  And then thought, ‘what if someone else has signed up?’

I held my breathe and crossed my fingers while they checked Sock Knitting sign ups.  Only the one.  HOORAY!  I never thought I’d celebrate not having students.

But, lo-and-behold, I do have enrolment for Circular Knitting (blarg!), which is the time slot I rescheduled Beginners Knitting to (double blarg!).  So, now I need to reschedule Circular Knitting to later in the day!  Sigh.

Who would’ve thought teaching knitting could be so complicated?